Blomfield; Sir; Reginald Theodore (1856-1942); architect
The information in the above entry has been used with permission kindly granted by Gavin Stamp, author of Silent Cities (London: Royal Institute of British Architects, 1977)
Sir Reginald Theodore Blomfield RA was a British architect and one of the Commission's Principal Architects in France after the First World War.
He was born on 20 December 1856. He was educated at Haileybury and Oxford and commenced his practice in 1884. Blomfield designed country houses and London club houses, such as the United University Club (1908) in ‘Champs Elysee style’, and the façade of the Carlton Club. Another Blomfield design is Lady Margaret Hall in Oxford.
Blomfield authored important books on Renaissance architecture in England (1897) and in France (1911 and 1920). He was President of the Royal Institute of British Architects (R.I.B.A.) from 1912 to 1914 and knighted in 1919.
He was appointed as one of the Commission’s Principal Architects for France on 5 March 1918 and he supervised the design of 118 cemeteries in France and Belgium, including Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery, Forceville War Cemetery and Le Treport Cemetery; the latter two being of the three experimental cemeteries constructed by the Commission. Blomfield also designed the Menin Gate Memorial at Ypres (1923-1927) as well as St George’s Memorial Church, Ypres (1927-1929). Blomfield contributed to the standard design of the Cross of Sacrifice (1918), which is a key feature in many Commission cemeteries.
Sir Reginald Blomfield left the Commission on 31 March 1928. Following his departure, Blomfield’s work included the design of the R.A.F. Memorial, Thames Embankment (1922), the Belgian Memorial at Embankment Gardens (1922) and the rebuilding of Quadrant, Regents Street (1920-33).
He died on 27 December 1942, aged 86.
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